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21st Century College English: Book 4
Unit 1-6 Translation
Americans tend to define people by the jobs they have/do. Such characteristics as their family and educational backgrounds are considered less important.
His uncompromising personality explains why he could no longer put up with his employer and eventually submitted his resignation.
3. 如果你真想学好英语，你就必须投入大量的时间和精力，否则你就不会有任何进步。 对于其他课程也可以这么说。
If you really want to learn English well, you must put in a lot of time and energy, or you’ll go nowhere. The same can be said of other subjects.
4. 有些演员的名声靠的是他们天生的美貌，但是达斯汀ㆍ霍夫曼（Dustin Hoffman）尽管身材矮小（short stature）, 还是出类拔萃，而使他与众不同的正是他精湛的演技。
Some actors’ fame is built on their innate beauty, but despite his short stature, Dustin Hoffman rose above and it is his excellent acting that sets him apart.
After he took charge, we discovered that there were striking differences between him and his predecessor. He had the drive and passion, came up with many new ideas, and focused his work on how to raise our morale.
Deng Xiaoping made history when he declared China’s reform and opening-up policy. Despite tremendous obstacles, he made lasting contributions to our country’s modernization with his unrelenting efforts.
7. 为什么有人拥有天才级智商却被智商平平但很刻苦的人 丢在后面？ 承认除了智商外，还有很多别的因素与一个认得成就有着很大的关系。
Why could someone with a genius IQ be left behind by a hardworking person with an average IQ? It has to be acknowledged that besides one’s IQ, many other factors have much to do with one’s achievements.
This teacher is really remarkable in motivating her students before she can teach them something. It’s not that she is talented, it’s that she is obsessed with drawing their attention in class.
He glared at John and was sore at his denial of cooperation.
John’s sincere speech shows his gratitude to the people who rendered him generous help when he was in difficulty.
He is something of a stamp collector. The fact that once he saved up for two years to buy a rare stamp is roof of it.
The beauty of these roses could not be overstated. They took/caught all the visitors’s fancy in one way or another.
At first he took it for granted that they should build more highways in this area. Then a careful calculation of the expenditure compelled him to think twice before he made the final decision.
Each time he receives a gift from me, no matter how small, my friend Bill never fail to acknowledge it.
The journalist has decided to trace the young man referred to in the old couple’s letter, which is a tribute to the young man’s effort at making their living more agreeable.
Though he was fed up with the salesman who knocked at his door and boasted about their products every day, he refrained from slamming the door in their face.
Tom was hung up on the problem but could do nothing about it until he learnt to solve it with different tactics.
Lateral thinking has helped him to advance his new theory which seemed to have reached a dead end.
The framework of our latest construction plan has been affirmed by the local government. Whether it will be carried out on time is of the utmost significance to the development of the coastal city.
4. 在设法寻找一个解决问题的办法的过程中， 爱德华在思想上陷入了僵局，但后来他改变了观察角度，以一种完全意想不到的方式解决了问题。
While trying to find a solution to the problem, Edward reached an impasse in his thinking, but later he changed his point of view and solved the problem in an entirely unexpected fashion.
Many people believe that computer labs will eventually take over from the libraries and students who want to take in new knowledge will end up learning everything in the computer lab.
His car crashed into a truck almost head-on yesterday. If he does not stop driving so carelessly, I am sure he will wind up in the emergency room of a hospital.
There is a flaw in the design of the structure of the painting. Why don’t you erase the vertical lines and simplify it a little bit?
John should have given up smoking a long time ago. After all, health is of the utmost importance to everybody.
Schools should avoid deciding who are superior only in terms of the students’ exam results and treating them accordingly. Instead, a good educational system should enable every student to measure up to good standards as well-rounded people.
As often as not, when college students have questions after class, their teachers are not readily available except during office hours. This is due to teachers’ busy academic research, rather than their indifference to the students.
This class consists of forty students, most of whom used to be labeled average in terms of English level. But as this teacher has never shown any verbal impatience, the students have reacted positively to his teaching methods and lived up to his expectations.
Teaching is becoming increasingly demanding in the the United States, due in part to the diversity of students racial background and the complexity of educational technologies that require additional training.
The English are, as often as not, labeled conservative. Obviously this label is prejudiced. In reality, Britain is not very different from other European countries in terms of national characteristics. They are polite, neat, orderly and confident.
Some young people grow up with a strong desire for independence. They would rather try hard themselves to go through life than turn to their parents for help with a sense of guilt.
Your friend treats you sincerely, so you should respond accordingly and mustn’t deceive him or talk about his setbacks with irony.
The neighbor’s irritation/annoyance was due to the noise they made. However, because of their reassurances that they would stop working at night, they went through with the decoration of this apartment.
As you can imagine, reading has opened a new world to me and changed forever the course of my life.
He had demonstrated an unusually intense interest in books since childhood. So fascinated with books was he that he never let a day pass without doing some reading.
Every time he takes the subway to and from work, he was with him a book that he wants to read. That is the way he has read nearly a hundred books in the past three years.
When he was in high school, he used to read deep/far into the night in his own room. Each time he heard the approaching footsteps of his mother, he would turn off the light and feigned sleep. But as soon as his mother passed, he would turn on the light and begin reading again.
There is hardly anything about China he’s not curious about. And to satisfy his curiosity he had decided to go there in person.
I don’t know / I have little / no idea what made your son feel envy of that pop singer and try to emulate him in everything. You might as well ask him in person.
As soon as he checked out the book from the library, he thumbed through its pages by the corridor light.
I don’t think anybody ever learned more in the countryside than I did. In fact, the three years in the countryside enabled me to study far intensively than I would have if had attended some college.
He was disabled form birth but he never felt frustrated nor did he give in to any difficulty.
Tom had been holding out for the promotion. When such an opportunity showed up he grabbed it at once.
He distrusts all standardized tests and believes that there should be something better to substitute for them.
My thesis is that we should carry out a survey of these controversial issues one by one right now.
Betty is diligent and dependable. She never shies away from any difficulties. In short she is the kind of student that we are all proud of.
It is ill-advised to keep the gas tank in your home for it ignites easily and may burn up your hard-earned fortune in a few minutes.
Doctor Smith’s lecture accounts to saying that a child who displays high EQ early on in life will succeed eventually in the face of all kinds of difficulties.
Since many marriages end in divorce in the United States psychologists have suggested that couples in all families communicate with each other more often an solve their problems before it becomes too late.