最新消息:点击查看大S的省钱秘笈

POJ 1258 Agri-Net C语言版 Kruskal

POJ题解 Slyar 129浏览 0评论

文章作者:姜南(Slyar) 文章来源:Slyar Home (www.slyar.com) 转载请注明,谢谢合作。

Kruskal算法的应用

Description

Farmer John has been elected mayor of his town! One of his campaign promises was to bring internet connectivity to all farms in the area. He needs your help, of course.
Farmer John ordered a high speed connection for his farm and is going to share his connectivity with the other farmers. To minimize cost, he wants to lay the minimum amount of optical fiber to connect his farm to all the other farms.
Given a list of how much fiber it takes to connect each pair of farms, you must find the minimum amount of fiber needed to connect them all together. Each farm must connect to some other farm such that a packet can flow from any one farm to any other farm.
The distance between any two farms will not exceed 100,000.

Input

The input includes several cases. For each case, the first line contains the number of farms, N (3 <= N <= 100). The following lines contain the N x N conectivity matrix, where each element shows the distance from on farm to another. Logically, they are N lines of N space-separated integers. Physically, they are limited in length to 80 characters, so some lines continue onto others. Of course, the diagonal will be 0, since the distance from farm i to itself is not interesting for this problem.

Output

For each case, output a single integer length that is the sum of the minimum length of fiber required to connect the entire set of farms.

Sample Input

4
0 4 9 21
4 0 8 17
9 8 0 16
21 17 16 0

Sample Output

28

Slyar:简单介绍一下题意。农民要建立互联网络,目的使村庄里所有的农民连上网,并且总费用最小。多组数据,每组数据给出一个n,然后给出n * n大小的无向图的邻接矩阵表示,值表示边权。要求输出最小生成树的权值和。

可以用Kruskal算法解决该题,用并查集检查待加入生成树的两边是否会构成回路,快速排序按权值排列边。

这里有一个优化:因为是无向图,所以矩阵是对称的,因此我们只保存上三角矩阵即可。这样到最后k的值就是边数,由循环n*n次缩减到循环k次...

转载请注明:Slyar Home » POJ 1258 Agri-Net C语言版 Kruskal

发表我的评论
取消评论

表情

Hi,您需要填写昵称和邮箱!

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址

网友最新评论 (2)

  1. @Rve 哇 可以获取到g+头像, 好厉害的样子
    Rve5年前 (2012-06-24)回复
  2. printf("%dn", sum); \\ \貌似被吃掉了.. 代码高亮的问题?
    Rve5年前 (2012-06-24)回复